Digital Caliper

The Digital Caliper (sometimes incorrectly called the Digital Vernier Caliper) is a precision instrument that can be used to measure internal and external distances extremely accurately. The example shown below is a digital caliper as the distances/measurements, are read from a LCD display. The most important parts have been labelled.
Earlier versions of this type of measuring instrument had to be read by looking carefully at the imperial or metric scale and there was a need for very good eyesight in order to read the small sliding scale. Manually operated vernier calipers can still be bought and remain popular because they are much cheaper than the digital version. Also, the digital version requires a small battery whereas the manual version does not need any power source.
Digital calipers are easier to use as the measurement is clearly displayed and also, by pressing the inch/mm button the distance can be read as metric or imperial.

The display is turned on with the on/off button. The external jaws should then be brought together until they touch and the zero button should be pressed. The digital caliper can then be used to measure distances. Always go through this procedure when turning on the display for the first time.

THE VERNIER CALIPER - MANUAL VERSION

The Vernier Caliper is a precision instrument that can be used to measure internal and external distances extremely accurately. The example shown below is a manual caliper. Measurements are interpreted from the scale by the user. This is more difficult than using a digital vernier caliper which has an LCD digital display on which the reading appears. The manual version has both an imperial and metric scale.
Manually operated vernier calipers can still be bought and remain popular because they are much cheaper than the digital version. Also, the digital version requires a small battery whereas the manual version does not need any power source.

 

HOW TO READ A MEASUREMENT FROM THE SCALES

EXAMPLE 1: The external measurement (diameter) of a round section piece of steel is measured using a vernier caliper, metric scale.

MATHEMATICAL METHOD
A. The main metric scale is read first and this shows that there are 13 whole divisions before the 0 on the hundredths scale. Therefore, the first number is 13.
B. The’ hundredths of mm’ scale is then read. The best way to do this is to count the number of divisions until you get to the division that lines up with the main metric scale. This is 21 divisions on the hundredths scale.
C. This 21 is multiplied by 0.02 giving 0.42 as the answer (each division on the hundredths scale is equivalent to 0.02mm).
D. The 13 and the 0.42 are added together to give the final measurement of 13.42mm (the diameter of the piece of round section steel)

COMMONSENSE METHOD
Alternatively, it is just as easy to read the 13 on the main scale and 42 on the hundredths scale. The correct measurement being 13.42mm.